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Walking on Water - Supporting Documents

Envision the future now: Give the region an edge

Supporting documents to a community-based submission and vision statement rejecting the two-option proposal from the Hastings District Council (HDC) and the Hawkes Bay Regional Council (HBRC) that ratepayers cover the cost of 13 groynes or accept a managed retreat as the ocean encroaches on homes along the waterfront.
[This document is ordered chronologically so it can be read as a separate record of how events have unfolded in Haumoana-Te Awanga-Clifton. References are made to specific points supporting the main submission.]

Supporting documents and references
Background to the ongoing drama

Ref 1:0
Natural Hazards in Hawkes Bay
Coastal Erosion, HBRC 1999
Coastal erosion is the removal of material at the shoreline leading to a loss of land as the shoreline retreats landwards. The processes include not only the work of the sea but also that of the wind, migrating river mouths and tidal inlets, coastal landslides and tectonics.

…concern was first expressed in the 1970s for continuing erosion problems at Waimarama, Haumoana, te Awanga, Clive and Westshore.

Cape Kidnapper’s north facing cliffs had retreated some 40 metres since the 1930s. Clifton Beach retreats on average between 0.5 to 1 metre each year. Since the 1920s the coast between Haumoana and Te Awanga (East road – Clifton Rd) has eroded some 10 metres.

…In August 1974 sea water flooded three hundred hectares of cropping land in East Clive to prevent a reoccurrence a sea wall was constructed in 1976-77 along the coastal areas. However the beachline continued to recede and in 1982 the seawall was overtopped by the sea. This prompted moving the seawall further inland and the construction of two pumping stations..

Between 1987 and 1997 the beach crest suffered a dramatic loss of volume and a retreat inland of 25 metres.

Ref 2:0
Threats and effects in Hawke’s Bay

Erosion has been causing damage to property in Hawke’s Bay since at least the 1850’s.  Awareness and concern for coastal erosion and inundation has been increasing as the impacts on people’s homes and public assets have become more significant and more wide spread.  In particular, concern has grown at Clive, Waimarama, Haumoana, Te Awanga, and Westshore.  The issue was particularly topical in the early 1970s, following several damaging storm events and a significant coastal inundation event and again more recently due to increased storminess in the early 2000’s and changes to coastal hazard management.
In August 1974, seawater flooded three hundred hectares of horticultural and urban land in East Clive.  To prevent a re-occurrence a sea exclusion bank was constructed in 1976-77 along the coastal area.  However, the shoreline continued to recede and erosion was accelerated by the Hastings sewer outfall constructed in 1979. By 1982 erosion had substantially decreased the ponding area between the beach berm and the sea exclusion bank and it was twice overtopped by the sea.  The long-term vulnerability of the area was recognised and in 1985 a scheme was initiated to move the sea exclusion bank further inland.

…On the evening of 3rd April 2002 about 20 Haumoana residents had to leave their homes as the high seas threatened a dozen properties near the corner of East and Clifton Roads, with some properties receiving major structural damage.  The rough seas destroyed fences, cracked doors and tossed up stones smashing windows.

…. The long term shoreline retreat at Clifton Beach is on average 0.75m per year; Haumoana and Te Awanga 0.30m-0.70m per year; and Waimarama 0.13m per year.
Changes in long-term weather patterns are expected to bring increased storminess over the next few decades, resulting in increased frequency of heavy swell events from the North East to South East quarter and associated erosion, inundation and overtopping.  The anticipated future sea level rise will also exacerbate the erosion and inundation hazard. 
Properties in coastal hazard zones will be destroyed, unless communities can find a cost-effective means of preventing beach erosion and inundation over the long-term.

Ref 3:0
Consents, withdrawals, construction and approval

Hawke’s Bay Regional Council with its catch-line “safeguarding your environment” first lodged its application for the groyne at the river mouth on 31 August 1998 after a public meeting with 40 residents was held at the Haumoana Community Hall on 13 July 1998.

The council was required to apply to itself for this consent. The proposal for three groynes “to reverse the erosion of the beach in front of the Haumoana Domain, and prevent flooding of the domain area” was “strongly supported” by residents.

An application for resource management consent was processed within 38 days and approval for ‘coastal construction’ of a groyne at the northern end of Haumoana Beach, adjacent to the stop bank on the southern side of the Tukituki River was granted for a five year period. The conditional approval was given so the impact of the structure could be closely monitored.

The groyne was to be constructed of irregular concrete (akmon) blocks and limestone boulders placed in line from the shore and cemented in place to create a solid barrier up to 70 metres long and 18 metres wide.  Hawke’s Bay Regional Council Resource Consent approval 10-12-1998

A proposal for a further two groynes to be placed 200 and 400 metres apart, south of the first at the river mouth and subject to the success of the first groyne, was formally withdrawn in November 1998. No reasons were given. The second and third groynes were to have had the main intended effect of building up shingle (drifting south to north) on the Haumoana Beach to counter the process of coastal erosion

Meanwhile the single groyne was constructed in February 1999 over the period to May 2003 when the consent expired no complaints were received and the review stated “the groyne appears to be acting as intended”. No further consultation was thought necessary. Letter from Hawke’s Bay Regional Council design engineer Kamen Ganev to Hawke’s Bay Regional Council consent officer, 16-11-1998

On May 2003 the extended consent was considered by the Hawke’s Bay Regional Council over 67 days and approved. The consent was given for a further 25 years (31 May 2028).

The decision given by the Hawke’s Bay Regional Council for extending the consent for the groyne was because “it would have “limited actual or potential adverse effects on the environment” it was “not contrary to any relevant plans or policies” and the activity was “consistent with the purposes and principals of the Resource Management Act 1991.

If in fact that is the case then why now are there concerns that future plans for groynes would not gain Resource Management Act approval?   Hawke’s Bay Regional Council Resource Consent approval 16 May 2003 Ref 3:1

Ref 4:0
Soft option washed away
Research supported by Julia Hughes thesis Coastal Erosion: Haumoana Coastal Properties, 2003                 
Prior to April 2002 the beach along the coast at Haumoana was covered in shrubs, toitoi, pine, macrocarpa, ngaio, lupins, asters in abundance. There were several walkways meandering through the vegetation. The beach crest was strong and stable.

Then in April massive waves washed over the parts of the beach crest uplifting 1000 cubic metres of shingle (McGlashan June 2002) lowering the crest itself by 70cm, making it unstable and allowing the ocean to breakthrough more frequently.

In 2002 the Hawkes Bay Regional Council and Hastings District Council agreed to form a ‘working party’ consisting of one councillor and one staff member to develop a long-term strategy for the coastline between Clifton and the mouth of the Tukituki River.

Resolutions passed by the HBRC included developing a programme of beach front enhancements to help reduce erosion rate of the gravel dune. They committed $10,000 in 2002-2003 for this coastal care. Another $25,000 was spent on consultants to have an input into the Regional Coastal Plan.

A further breach occurred on 27 July 2003 where sea crest vegetation was either buried, ripped up and dumped or died from the effect of saltwater. In this deluge one house was destroyed and four others damaged to such an extent that they were no longer inhabitable. Several others had serious structural damage. The beach walkways were demolished and much damage was done to other private properties.

At this stage is was determined that groynes set 400m apart would be most effective means of preventing further erosion Reinen-Hamill, Tonkin Taylor, 19 June 2002. The estimated cost was $137,000 each (Clode, G, HBRC Asset Management Technical Report, Haumoana Coastal Erosion, June 1998)

Ref 5:0
No seawall allowed at Te Awanga 
TVNZ, 14-04-2002
Residents at a beachfront haven devastated by freak waves are now facing a new battle with Hawke's Bay authorities after bulldozers were ordered to stop constructing a seawall on the properties.
They say their houses at Te Awanga will be washed into the sea by another watery hell if the bulldozer is not allowed to start working around the clock on building a concrete block wall.
John Rowling and his family lost a huge chunk of their front lawn in a storm. This week they had intended to build a concrete block wall in the area between the property and their boundary line, but the council said no.
'We've got no protection whatsoever and we're not allowed to put protection in."
12 residents have already spent more than $5,000 each on concrete blocks and they have paid for the bulldozer but the Hawkes Bay regional council says a brick wall is not the answer.
Spokesman Mike Adye says "They have pretty disasterous effects on the coast on the beach and there won't be a beach there if you put up a sea wall. The other option is to obviously get away from the sea and move out."
The regional council says it will not be paying for a sea wall because the settlement is on borrowed time. That’s is no comfort for locals. Resident John Bridgeman says if that happens there will be a lot of money lost and people with mortgages will not be very happy.
Another resident, John Rowling explained that there used to be retaining walls made up of railway lines and tyres built years ago which have gradually been eroded away. As the council put that in, he cannot see why they can't do it again.
In the meantime these locals live wondering whether they will have homes after the next big storm.

Ref 6:0
Pines down to bare roots
Peter de Graaf, Hawke’s Bay Today, 8 April 2002

A row of Norfolk pines lining a Haumoana reserve had their root system exposed to the sea. The pines known for their hardiness and salt tolerance. Hasting District Council said there was no immediate danger unless storms stripped away more shingle. (they were gone after the next storm)

Ref 7:0
Sea takes its toll
Hastings Leader April 11, 2002

Residents near the settlement on Clifton Rd near East Rd and the Capeview shops, Haumoana were evacuated from about a dozen houses until the tide ebbed and the danger abated…Beachfront fittings and fixtures at Clifton also took a beating. Several caravans floated or were knocked about as the sea broached camping grounds.

Ref 8:0
Coastal erosion – is there a solution.
Andrea Elderfield, Hawkes Bay Today, April 13, 2002

…Last Wednesday night’s swells up to four metres in places, left caravans bobbing on the tide, four homes uninhabitable and others with serious structural damage at Haumoana and Te Awanga, where it was said to be the worst seas in 15-years.

All the houses hit by the sea were in the areas identified “coastal hazard zone” which means they cannot be covered by insurance and to top it off the councils do not have resources to build enough groynes and stop banks to prevent is happening again.

In 1998 high seas came over the banks at Haumoana flooding the domain and closing the road.

In 1999 waves lapped up to the second storey of a house in Haumoana beach front.
A 70 metre $200,000 groyne of concrete blocks was built that year by the HBRC.

In 2000 two and a half  to three metre waves pounded the shoreline, structurally damaging homes in Haumoana,.

In 2002 several homes in Clifton Rd, Haumoana lost walls and were ripped off their foundations.

The coast at Haumoa dropped 70cm in the 1931 earthquake and the beach crest has been receding 75cm a year ever since.

Regional Council managing engineer Gary Clode said the groyne at Haumoana had cut erosion at that part of the beach from 2.2 metres to between 20-30cm a year but to protect the whole beach would mean constructing a series of groynes 400 metres apart.

He did not think the council was prepared to pay for such a project but if the residents wanted to they could get together and pay for it themselves as they did at Te Awanga…
Many more homes had their seawalls breached, windows broken and gardens trashed under piles of shingle.

Ref 9:0
Sea damage claims lodged
Hawke’s Bay Today, 19 April 2002
…A meeting was held on April 22 for Haumoana residents to air their concerns about high seas crashing up to houses on the seaside village’s Clifton Rd. The Hawke’s Bay Regional Council has said it will not pay for a sea wall along the sea front and it has prevented residents from building their own.

Ref 10:0
Councils May join to fight erosion
Andrea Elderfield, HB Today, 21 May 2002

Hawke’s Bay Regional Council and Hastings District Council may join forces to find a solution to Hawke’s Bay coastal erosion and work in with Te Awanga and Haumoana communities to try and find ways to prevent the breakdown of the seafront and sea-flooding of homes at Haumoana and Te Awanga. See attached clipping

Ref 11:0
Coastal erosion meeting excludes public
Andrea Elderfield, HB Today 23 May 2002

Closed door meeting held, press excluded despite normal meeting being scheduled.  Developing issues and options discussion document on long term options for coastal management. Joint working group formed with the beach side communities of Haumoana and Te Awanga to develop a dune and beach crest planting programme and control vehicle access. See attached clipping

Ref 12:0
Coastline erosion plan on agenda,
HB Today, 17 June, 2002

Residents asked the council to develop both short-term and long-term solutions to perotect them from the storms.

Haumoana resident Margot Macphail told the council the damage the April 3-4 storm caused was “in excess of anything anyone had ever seen there.” The whole of Haumoana had been effected by the results which included the loss of about one metre of foreshore and the development of sink holes, she said.

She asked for the beach crest from Clifton to the Tukituki River to be rebuilt, the sink holes filled and access to the beach to be restricted.

A past policy had restricted the council from doing major work in the area but the council had recently allocated money for a coastal survey and said more funds could be made available.

Ref 13:0
Haumoana demolition proposal shocks
Andrea Elderfield, HB Today, 28 June 2002

Haumoana residents were in shock this week at the suggestion in a report to the Hawke’s Bay Regional Council that they may have to demolish their homes and rebuilt further from the sea.

Environmental and Engineering Consultants Tonkin and Taylor were hired by the council to identify coastal issues and said in their report there were “no other practicable solutions” for the Haumoana beachfront properties.

Clifton Road residents said the proposal was beyond them financially. John Rowling of Clifton Road said “How crazy is this?” A home made seawall in front of his house had protected it from high seas last week. He said the council should support the building of more seawalls as it was more affordable than demolishing and rebuilding the row of 18 homes.

He said even if the homes were moved back or moved elsewhere the council would have to replace them with a wall because seas would push further inland toward the road, shop[s and farmland. See attached clipping

Ref 14:0
Haumoana faces big decision
Kate Taylor, (after July 2002?)

The Hawke’s Bay Regional Council is considering building another two smaller groynes toward Te Awanga. However it wants to pay just 10 percent of the estimated $300,000 cost, leaving the rest to people who live in the coastal township.

…Pete Judd of Grange Road, said something needed to be done to make sure the coastline continued to keep the sea from the Heretaunga Plains. “Hastings is not that far above sea  level. The airport is only just above sea level. If we got one big one we’d be in trouble. Hawke’s Bay would be in trouble.

Camila Samper and Hilda Meier wanted different options explored including an artificial reef and the installation of a ramp or access way to stop boat owners driving their vehicles across the beach crest. Another concern was cost.

“Why should Haumoana people have to pay for the groynes. This isn’t about my house or someone else’s house. It’s about protection of Haumoana and the plains behind it. If it continues like this, when we have floods in five years time, I’ll be catching fish from my verandah but others will be catching the fish with their bare hands in their kitchen.”

Ref 15:0
Seawall consent fuss leaves home-owner angry, confused
Andrea Elderfield, HB Today, 8 August 2002

Haumoana resident John Rowling is caught between the deep blue sea and the Hawke’s Bay Regional Council. His Clifton Road section is eroding by up to a metre every high tide.

Mr Rowling is prepared to go to jail rather than knock down the sea wall the HBRC says is too high. The council has threatened enforcement action if he does not lower the only object that comes between him and the waves.

Mr Rowling paid $560 in resource consent fees to the council to make sure the concrete block sea wall, which cost him $9830, complied with its rules. Now he’s been told the wall does not comply and that if he does not lower it he will be “punished”.

NB: See full story photocopy. It’s enough to make you spit at the arrogance and the misuse of the Resource Management Act.

Ref 16.0
Council inaction sparks academic interest

The issues relating to the prevention of erosion in the Haumoana-Te Awanga community have been so badly managed that they’re even become part of coursework at the School of Geography and Environmental Science in Auckland with researchers there trying to understand why action has not been taken before now .

A 2005 report from student Jamie Boyle had this to say:

The importance of this study is that it is able to quantify what and why certain strategies are put in place and provide insight into future management solutions of coastal erosion. By attaining how communities feel about erosion and what they want, council can therefore incorporate better planning and engineering solutions that link community interests, providing the best possible strategies for both parties. This type of study has been outlined by current literature as a necessary approach to coastal erosion management.

His conclusions:  

From the survey data and interviews, responses concluded that coastal erosion was perceived as a ‘significant’ threat, that the council had responded ‘poorly’ to the erosion issue and in particular, had done very little to help the community, and that ‘hard’ engineering structures such as rock structures and groynes were the most adequate to combat erosion.


From the interviews conducted with the HBRC and HDC council representatives, both sides held the opinion that it was not council responsibility to mitigate erosion due to the fact the residents themselves choose to live there.

In terms of the management of the coastal area, both the HBRC and the HDC passed the responsibility onto each other, further implicating the ability to properly manage the erosion issue.

The general conclusion from the council bodies was that the houses within the hazard zone were not valued highly enough to allocate funding to prevent erosion, and studies involving coastal processes within the area had not fully quantified the extent of erosion and therefore could not implement the correct planning policies for housing regulation.

Further details
Dr David Hayward
School of Geography & Environmental Science
University of Auckland
 (09)373 7599, extn. 88454

Ref 17:0
Dredging a major cause of imbalance
HBRC Assett Management Group, Internal Report, Shoreline Modeling,
prepared by Tonkin & Taylor Ltd, September 2005.

In investigating the coastal processes, causes of erosion and possible remedies
Tonkin and Taylor in a 2005 report to the Hawke’s Bay District Council (HBDC) stated that more gravel was being taken from the beach areas by commercial companies and northward drift than was being replaced naturally.

Among its recommendations was reducing the amount of gravel being taken at Awatoto and to embark on a beach replenishment programme.

The report says the gravel barrier beach between Napier and Cape Kidnappers has a history of significant and ongoing erosion. Some of the metal for the beaches along this coastline; comes from  Cape Kidnappers (possibly 18,000 cubic m a year) or the Tukituki River. The report says more gravel is extracted from the shoreline than is supplied by Cape Kidnappers. The rest is supplied from the beach. Without a replacement supply the predicted erosion may be higher than that recorded.

It suggests the “concentration of extraction at Awatoto has a more significant adverse effect over a larger area, than extraction of lesser volumes at Pacific Beach and Awatoto.”

While groynes “can be seen to be effective” on the coastline, the model used by Tonkin and Talor Ltd shows there is an adverse effect with reduced sediment supply to the north. It recommended beach nourishment and reducing the volume of gravel extracted from the beach.

Huge extraction from the Tukituki River has taken place from 1953 with an average of 51,500 cubic metres over 37-years and from the Ngaruroro River 284,000 m3 a year between 1970-2003.  The annual gravel extraction rate at Awatoto since the early 1900s has been 47,800 m3.

Winstones had consent to extract up to 50,000 m3 in 2003 and this was under appeal. p10-11. Permission has since been extended (How much do they take now (?)

The consequence was about 45,000 m3 a year in total volume was being lost from the beach system with a supply of at least 15,600 m3 required to enter the system to balance volumes. The suggestion was to reduce extraction volumes between 12,600 and 35,200 m3 a year, limiting extraction to 24,400 -48,000 per year. P15.

Smith (1984) estimates the net northward longshore transport of 57,000 sqm per year near Awatoto p16 (and 110 m3  a day or or 40,000 cum a year at the Haumoana groyne.

Ref 18:0
Anger rises as swollen seas subside
Karen Hodge, Dominion Post, 31 March 2005

Huge seas at Haumoana have calmed but residents want action, with a new report on coastal erosion drawing criticism before it is even made public.

The (HBRC) report which has been three years in the making was prompted by high seas that hit the coastal settlement in 2002 seriously damaging three homes and floated caravans.
However on May 17 residents had another reminder of the dangers of coastal living when swells up to six metres high hit the area, causing six homes to be evacuated, flooding several others and tipping an old bach on to the beach.

…A coastal hazard assessment for the council lists 750 properties in 32 settlements lying within a hazard area. The risk in Haumoana has been known about since 1874.

Building more groynes was one way to stop the erosion at Haumoana – but council’s group manager for asset management Mike Adye said it was expensive and would benefit only a few properties.

Haumoana Ratepayer’s Association chairman Rex Mildenhall said many residents remained angry and he would continue “rumbling” till something was done. There had been “30-years of reports” And it was time to do something, Mr Mildenhall said.

Ref 19:0
Homes may be removed
Hawke’s Bay Today, Lawrence Gullery, July 12, 2006 (paraphrased)

A working group has been given more time to find a management plan for the Haumoana and Te Awanga coastal areas as some residents fear erosion will take away their homes.

The party had narrowed the options down to four management options for the coastal area. These were assessed in a coastal management report by the regional council but the working group could not reach a consensus.

The options were the status quo, managed retreat, soft engineering or beach nourishment and hard engineering, specifically groyne fields to manage the northward drift of metal. The group initially preferred the hard engineering option with some nourishment but cost was the main obstacle.

The regional council estimated the groyne field to cost $18.9 million for the full stretch of the coast or $13.5 million for the Haumoana coast only. This was in contrast to a plan put forward by the residents on the working group to cover the Haumoana coast only without nourishment for $1.6 million.

The group’s chairman Tim Tinker said more time was needed to asses the costs and whether replenishment was needed to nourish the groyne field. He said an engineering report presented to the group claimed the groyne fields could be built without the need for nourishment.

Ref 20:0
Officials dither as sea eats into land

Hawke’s Bay Today, Lawrence Gullery, 21-11-2006

Then after 18 months of deliberation a local working party had still failed to identify a preferred solution and “engineering experts” were called in to try and sort out  the coastal erosion problems at Haumoana and Te Awanga in November 2006.

The working party of Hastings district and regional councilors and representative from the seaside townships after looking at counter erosion measures but failed to get a concensus.

 Then a joint forum requested three engineering experts go over the options and report back by April 2007. There was much grumbling by the council about the expected cost of $20,000. However it was clear that residents were keen on a hard engineering solution and wanted this option investigated further. They did not want the community removed and were interested in a possible groyne field. So called council experts continued to say there wasn’t enough information about the long term impact of such devices.

Ref 21:0
Millions needed to protect eroding coast

The Dominion Post: Wednesday 28 January 2009

A report by Moynihan Coastal Consultants – commissioned by Haumoana resident John Bridgeman – says building three groynes at the settlement would protect it from erosion. Earlier estimates show the groynes could cost $4.5 million. 

The report backs findings by consultants Opus in 2006 which recommend the construction of three groynes on the Haumoana foreshore to halve the flow of material and protect the coast. It is unclear whether Hawke’s Bay regional council ratepayers would be asked to pay.

The Moynihan report said without intervention, natural processes would gradually result in severe erosion at Haumoana, Te Awanga and Clifton.

Groynes built at East Clive in 1978 and the Tukituki River mouth in 1999 had formed artifical headlands preventing some erosion in northern Haumoana. Until similar groynes were built at southern Haumoana, the coastline would continue retreating and eventually claim properties along Clifton Road which were the hardest hit in the big seas. …

Groyne construction is contrary to Hawke’s Bay regional council policy, which aims to maintain existing structures. The council has commissioned an Environmental Management Services report summarising the findings of the Moynihan report and others on coastal erosion in the area. It is due to be made public in March. Council asset manager Mike Adye said the council would consider contributing to coastal protection work, but would not meet the full cost.

Ref 22:0
Bay homes face $18.5m erosion bill

By Marty Sharpe, The Dominion Post, 02/04/2009

A new report is recommending that a group of coastal landowners in Hawke's Bay, whose homes are threatened by erosion, pay $18.5 million to protect their properties.
The report, by Murray Tonks of Environmental Management Services, recommends a policy of "managed retreat", or a plan to abandon the affected coastal settlements of Haumoana, Te Awanga and Clifton.
Alternatively, local people could pay $18.5 million to build 13 groynes, which would help alleviate erosion, though there was no guarantee.
The report was presented to Hastings District Council and Hawke's Bay Regional Council members in a closed meeting on Monday.
Hastings Mayor Lawrence Yule said yesterday that the report had not been "formally received" yet and he would not discuss its contents. "These are just options at this stage.
"Another option will be that nothing is done. Dealing with these types of things don't make councils very popular. It's actually up to the community what they want to do. I'm well aware it's a major issue and that no one likes facing these kinds of costs."
The regional council wanted any work to be on a user pays basis, similar to other protection work such as the stopbanks, Mr Yule said. "They identify who benefits and those people pay."
Abandoning the area was also a costly option as it involved the council potentially providing land to affected homeowners. Mr Yule said the report would be presented to affected communities on April 29.
Haumoana resident John Bridgeman said he had no issue with a user-pays policy, but questioned why the councils should be telling residents how to spend the money.
An earlier report by a coastal scientist, commissioned by Mr Bridgeman, said the problem could be solved by building just three groynes at a cost of $4.5m.
In its proposed coastal environment plan, the regional council has drawn up hazard zones along the coast where it fears damage from erosion or flooding during the next 100 years.
It lists more than 700 properties in 32 settlements lying within a hazard area. The plan in its appeal stage would ban all new building in zones closest to the sea and restrict building in other zones.

Ref 23:0
Erosion-risk option riles landowners,
Marty Sharpe, The Dominion Post 03-04-09
“Why can’t we build one groyne in front of the most threatened houses and see if it works then proceed there…If it works, fine, let’s consider some more. If the options are either pay $300,000 each or leave your land as the sea comes up, then it would be nice if the council helped with the cost of the land,” land-owner Diane Demander said.

Hastings mayor Lawrence Yule said the council would need to find suitable land, but questioned why it should provide it at not cost. “Why would we do that? It could be that the council subsidises the move in some way…We haven’t got all the answers yet.” 

Ref 24:0
Erosion may force closure of seaside motor camp
NZPA, 22 Jan 2009
A popular seaside motor camp in Hawke's Bay may be forced to close due to rapid erosion.
Clifton Camp, between Te Awanga and Cape Kidnappers, lost 12m of its coastal boundary last year after high tides breached a concrete sea wall.
Run by the Clifton Reserve Society, the camp sits on land owned by the Conservation Department and administered by Hastings District Council.
Society chairman Rex Davis said the camp's lease would expire in 2012 but the society had asked the council to extend it for another 15 years, The Dominion Post reported.
At a public meeting this week Hastings Mayor Lawrence Yule said the camp's lease may only be renewed if the society agreed to a "managed retreat" where land was left to erode naturally. Mr Davis said the society had considered erecting a seawall but the lease would have to be renewed before the society spent money protecting the camp's only access along an erosion-prone road.
The Conservation Department opposed construction of a sea wall. The camp is home to about 90 caravans and has 15 fulltime residents.
Ref 25:0
Regularity of inundation

“Events which cause seawater to flow into properties or harmlessly into the Clifton slip road along this coastline occur on average every seven years. Events which cause the sea to reach the front boundary can occur 3-4 times a year,” Steve Grant Clifton Rd beachfront owner for 21 years and Jane Grant resident for 14-years

* * *
Community input overlooked

“Residents have come to believe that their input is not valued…Other outlying communities, Clive, Whakatu, Flaxmere and Camberley have had the opportunity to develop a community plan in partnership with the Hasting District Council. Te Awanga and Haumoana would like the opportunity to plan and work together a 2015 vision before any final solutions are reached.” Steve Grant Clifton Rd beachfront owner for 21 years and Jane Grant resident for 14-years

Solutions, possibilities and good advice

Ref 26:0
Visionary sea wall wins accolades

New Plymouth mayor Peter Tennent made a visionary stand on creating the sculpted seawall that protects the city from the ravages of the wild Tasman sea while providing safge passage for cyclists, walkers and other recreational users, along what will soon be 11km of coastline.

The celebrated Coastal Walkway is both an engineering and a design achievement featuring huge boulders at the base, rocks on top of that, a sculpted concrete surface and attractive plantings of native shrubs and plants. It has won landscape design, environmental and recreational awards.

New Plymouth began construction of the first stage, a seven kilometer pedestrian and cycle path that hugs the coastline in 1999. it stretches almost the entire length of the city between Port Taranaki and the mouth of the Waiwhakaiho River.

The Coastal Walkway connects recreational areas, residential areas, and the CBD.  The well thought out design enhances the strength and character of the west coast with an arched sea wall providing protection from the waves. This allows the pathway to exist without edges, emphasizing the sense of being next to the water.

The walkway had become a huge asset to the city which won the international Whole City Award for being the most liveable city (of its size) in the world at the International Awards for Liveable Communities (LivCom) hosted by China in November 2008.
Its Coastal Walkway bought home a gold in the Sustainable Project Award category and the city won a third award for community sustainability, which related to how residents were involved in planning for the future. The Golden Land, Communities for climate protection:

Coastal Walkway extended

In May 2008 New Plymouth’s award-winning Coastal Walkway was been given the go-ahead for a 4km extension increasing its length to 11km

The $3.1 million project with 61 percent of the funding coming from Land Transport New Zealand and the balance coming from the new Plymouth District Council.

The pathway will provide cyclists and walkers a safer and more pleasant route to travel from the suburb of Bell block into the city through a local reserve and along the coast.
Land Transport says the project is well integrated with the local road network and proposed land use, and it demonstrates the community’s commitment to supporting walking and cycling.

New Plymouth mayor Peter Tennent says the extension of the pathway is a vital part of the city’s Cycle Strategy and the long term aim of extending the coastal walkway through to Waitara.  He says the opportunities for residents in leisure and transport options are huge and the council’s team put a lot of work into the design.

Construction on the extension is expected to take 18 months with completion due in October 2009.  The contract has been let to a consortium led by local company Whitaker Civil Engineering Limited, and includes Novare Design, Duffill Watts and Fitzroy Engineering.
The project worked in closely with local hapu to ensure its final design suits the spectacular landscape as well as the cultural and archaeological significance of the site.
In 2004 Isthmus won first place in the International Federation of Landscape Architects’ Eastern Region excellence awards for the Coastal Walkway. Extension of New Plymouth's Coastal Walkway gets the Go-Ahead, New Plymouth District Council 5 May 2008

New Plymouth
State of the Environment Report 2009 (excerpts)

Walking and cycling have become increasingly popular activities along Taranaki’s coastline, especially with the development of the coastal walkway in New Plymouth. Access to the coast has therefore been an important element in encouraging more people to walk and cycle as both a means of getting to/from work, as well as an important recreational activity ……

For example, the 7 km New Plymouth coastal walkway has been developed over an eight-year period from 1995-2003 and extends from the Waiwakaiho River mouth in the east to Port Taranaki in the west

The whole project included development of an extensive walkway, a main pier, finger piers, and a Len Lye sculpture, at an approximate cost of $24 million. The project is ongoing with a planned
extension to Bell Block.

The project has been awarded the Gold Design Award 2002 (New Zealand Institute of Landscape Architects National Awards), Outstanding Project Award 2003 (New Zealand Recreation
Association), George Malcolm Award 2006 (New Zealand Institute of Landscape Architects) and Eastern Region Awards 2005 (International Federation of Landscape Architects) …..

The rugged nature of the Taranaki coastal environment means much of the coastal area has retained its distinct natural character. Features that contribute to this natural character include natural coastal processes, marine life and ecosystems, coastal landscapes and seascapes, surf breaks, areas of natural vegetation, open space and farmland.

Taranaki active in gaining consents for costal protection and sea walls
Taranaki has an active, high-energy coastline with natural erosion occurring at numerous points. In relation to natural character:

• since the Regional Coastal Plan became operative, 238 coastal consents have been granted, reviewed or varied for activities in the coastal marine area; 96 new consents have been granted since 2003;
• most coastal permits are for coastal protection works and stormwater structures, followed by foreshore disturbance and discharges;
• an estimated 11.6 km of seawall have been built to protect the region from coastal erosion; about 2 km of this have been over the last five years;
• activities authorised by resource consent generally have negligible effects on the natural character of the coast; and • foredune restoration works and sand dumping trials have been conducted to restore natural character to parts of the coast.

The Council’s Regional Coastal Plan contains policies and methods to protect the natural character of the coastal marine area, and district plans contain policies and methods to protect the natural character of the landward section of the coastal environment.

New Plymouth admits mistakes

New Plymouth Disctrict Council’s believe that the mistakes of the past pertaining to environmental management will not be repeated if the implementation of kaitiakitanga practices becomes the basis for future sustainable management alongside existing management practices.

And there have certainly been some issues in managing the natural values of the coast in the past. In 1881 Port Taranaki was constructed close to the Nga Motu islands. Rock from Paritutu was blasted away and used for the construction of the port. The shape of Moturoa was altered in the 1920s when the port authority carried out major quarrying.

Extensive land reclamation around the port for the construction of the power station and Nga Motu beach led to the destruction of mussel and paua reefs and the original beach was drastically altered.

Taranaki. A walk on the Oceanside
New Plymouth's coastal walkway. Automobile Association (AA)

Noted for its terrific gardens and the home of the biennial WOMAD music and cultural festival, New Plymouth has another top attraction up its sleeve.
And that's the seven kilometre Coastal Walkway, which stretches almost the entire length of the city. Here you can walk, jog, cycle, or skate to take in the city’s perspective on the Tasman Ocean.
This paved promenade will place you right on the edge of the west coast. Parts of the seawall are punctured by finger piers, so you can enjoy the full vista of the coastline.
There are a number of pedestrian access points connecting popular recreational areas in the city, but take time to complete the walk from start to finish.
If you start from the east, you'll walk alongside the New Plymouth Golf Club visiting surf beaches at Fitzroy and East End. Here, you can digress awhile to meander up the Te Henui Walkway, or take a break at one of the picnic tables at the East End playground.
Approaching the central section of the walkway, you'll come across one of the city's famous art pieces — the dramatic, 45 metre-high kinetic sculpture Wind Wand, designed by the internationally-renowned kiwi artist, Len Lye.

Interesting stone carvings and pieces of public art dot the foreshore. Make sure you stop to visit New Plymouth's central business district — home to the innovative heritage centre, Puke Ariki, and the Govett-Brewster Art Gallery.

Ref 27:0
PM pledges $50 million in Budget for cycleway
Media Statement, 14 May 2009

The Prime Minister and Minister of Tourism, John Key has today promised $50 million dollars over three years for the New Zealand Cycleway Project.
Speaking at the New Zealand Hotel Industry Conference in Auckland, Mr Key says the project, first raised at the Job Summit, will create a high quality tourism asset that will enhance New Zealand’s competitiveness as a tourism destination, provide employment, and stimulate economic development opportunities in regional economies.
“I propose to create a series of ‘Great Rides’ of New Zealand, with a long term aim of creating a network throughout the country.”
In this month’s Budget, the Ministry of Tourism will receive $50 million in operating funding to progress the Cycleway.
“Some promising routes have already been identified and I expect to have an announcement on them in the next couple of months. I am also establishing an Advisory Group that will look at other regional cycleway proposals and work with those regions on feasibility work and technical advice.
“This $50 million investment will create jobs through its design and construction, while also creating a high quality tourism asset that will complement our 100% Pure New Zealand brand.”

Ref 28:0
Tyre-dump mountain poses growing threat
Hawke’s Bay Today, Doug Laing, 29-04-09
Waste rubber disposal experts are horrified that authorities allowed a mountain of tyres to grow to such an extent it is now an environmental risk to Napier.
Both Auckland-based Jim Laughton, of J and J Laughton Shredding Services, and Waikato-Bay of Plenty operator Richard Linthwaite, of Waste Tyre Solutions, said they warned authorities of the potential risks in price undercutting, which led to the Pandora tyre mountain building up.
It has become a major headache for Land Information New Zealand, which is now investigating how to dispose of the mountain of as many as 100,000 tyres on the 5ha Crown-owned block of land at the southern end of Mersey St. Estimated taxpayer costs of removal and disposal are now being put at more than $500,000. Both operators said it was a disgrace and "now it's too late".
The tyres were bought and gathered by The Retyred Tyre Company and stored by East Coast Exporters, with the intention of sending the tyres to China for recycling.
But that never happened. East Coast Exporters collapsed and this week director Bill Lambert, of Napier, was sentenced in the Environment Court to 350 hours' community work for failing to comply with an abatement order to stop storing the tyres collected from around the country.
Judge Craig Thompson said it was deliberate and reckless.
Mr Laughton described the penalty as a "wet bus-ticket".
But, like Mr Linthwaite, he said the laws were at fault, with "product stewardship" for tyres still a voluntary exercise.
The Waste Minimisation Act 2008 had agricultural chemicals, used oil and refrigerant gases as priority products for mandatory stewardship, and excluded tyres, computers and television sets, mobile phones, paints and other contaminants now cleared in voluntary schemes.
An Environment Ministry discussion document said: "Tyres were not selected for investigation as a priority product because the potential harm is less than the other products selected."
It's the biggest stockpile in New Zealand since the removal of a Waikato tyre mountain four years ago, and were the Pandora tyre mountain to catch fire evacuations of extensive areas of Napier would be necessary because of the toxic fumes which would drift across the city.
Mr Linthwaite, whose company gathers more than 3000 of an estimated 7000 to 10,000 used tyres taken out of Hawke's Bay for disposal each month, said people still underestimated the size of the problem.
"We can only hope it doesn't get worse before it gets better," Mr Linthwaite said. A 3m security fence has been put across one face of the Pandora mountain to keep people out.
Land Information said it expected it would be another month before a decision was made on what would be done with the mountain of tyres.

Ref 29:0
Artificial reefs good for marine life
Submission to the Haumoana-Te Awanga community meeting  4-05-2009

“Artificial reefs which can include everything from sunken cars or ships, concrete blocks, sandbags or even sunken offshore oil platforms and ongoing marine research indicates these structures actually increase the amount of sea life rather than simply attracting existing fish. Ironically what would seem at first to be horrible pollution on the seabed, may actually serve to enhance the environment.

Artificial reefs are in fact one of the most biologically rich ecosystems in the world. Reefs such as those in South Florida are most important for their role in protecting their coastal communities from storms, wave damage and erosion by decreasing the speed of wave action…

We have the opportunity to address two environmental issues by simply utilising scrap tyres filled with concrete to construct an artificial reef to protect our coastline. …Not only do you avert an environmental disaster in the waiting by removing those tyres but you also create a marine habitat which protects our coast. In the long term it could become a tourism opportunity…”

Ref 30:0
Businessman frames idea to solve city tyre problem
Hawke’s Bay Today, 14 May, 2009, , Hamish Bell

A Napier businessman believes he may have the answer to the city’s used tyre problem.
Con Rieter, who is managing director at Rembrandt Fine Arts in Onekawa, has come up with a building structure which would involve reinforcing steel bent in half.

Tyres could be stacked on the steel and filled with concrete which could then be used as building blocks. The hook at the top created by the end in the steel would make it easy for the blocks to be lifted by crane.

Mr Rieter said he had been inspired to develop the idea by looking at the nearby tyre pile all day and listening to regional councillors talk about the tyre issue but “doing nothing about it”.
He said people were worried about the fire risk and said his idea would solve that because concrete was not a fire hazard and the blocks could be stacked away.

Mr Rieter said the building blocks could help make anti-erosion groynes on beaches like Haumoana and Te Awanga. They could even be used to build an island or reef between Pandora and Tangoio…

Ref 31:0
National plan for rising seas
By Paul Easton, The Dominion Post, 21/05/2009
The Government is ordering the Environment Ministry to come up with a national policy on a rise in the sea level.
"It makes no sense for all 86 councils grappling with the issue," Environment Minister Nick Smith told a climate change conference in Wellington yesterday.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has predicted a sea level rise of up to 59 centimetres by the end of the century. But that figure does not include the effects of melting ice sheets, which could push sea levels up even more.
"I'm aware that decision-makers, especially regional, district and city councils, need more certainty to better plan for this. I understand that national direction on what to plan for would help," Dr Smith said.
Yesterday's conference, organised by the New Zealand Climate Change Centre, looked at how global warming could affect Kiwis.
Councils have already started planning for sea level increases. Greater Wellington regional council has researched which areas are most in danger.
In the Kapiti and Wairarapa districts, developments are not allowed within 50 metres of the sea. Last July, waves of up to five metres pounded the Kapiti Coast, while in Hawke's Bay large swells devoured two metres of land in front of a coastal campsite which had already lost 12 metres during the past year.
An Environment Ministry spokesman said the policy paper was at the "discussion" stage.
"The issue is how the IPCC's projections of sea level rise in the next century due to climate change should be incorporated into council plans all around New Zealand in a standardised way."…

Ref 32:0
See copy of letter from Bill Reilly of Hawke’s Bay Insurance declining insurance on properties at 7,17,18-21, and 35 Clifton Rd, Haumoana

Ref 33:0
Hastings District Council Web site’s glowing depiction of a region under siege and neglected:
“Today, Haumoana and Te Awanga are home to a vibrant and active community. It has also undoubtedly become one of New Zealand’s finest and most famous tourist attractions with overland Safari Station tours, pony beach safaris, and even helicopter flights allowing additional access to a true gem of a coastal retreat, Cape Kidnappers,” Hastings District Council web site.

Ref 34:0
Councils may join to fight erosion
Andrea Elderfield, HB Today 21 May 2002
HBRC and HDC agree to work together to find a solution to Hawke’s Bay’s coastal erosion….
…Restrictive decisions by the former Hawke’s Bay County Council mean erosion prevention work had not been done on seafront land along Haumoana’s Clifton Road since.

As a result residents had built their own sea walls but after the April storm the regional council prevented them from reconstructing the walls until an integrated solution was found. The council feared the walls could cause further erosion.

Ref 35:0 (documents attached)
Indicative preliminary costing for sea wall at Haumoana Beach, Napier based on a 5.5 x 5metre foundation 1.5-2m below sea level.

Ref 36:00 (document attached)
$3 million Te Awanga seawall
Hastings Mail 4 February, 2009
Artists impression of a sea wall that a Hastings-based company wants to build, at no cost to ratepayers, to protect more than 20 Clifton Road properties at risk of succumbing to erosion on the Te Awanga coastline.
The company says work could start on the estimated $3 million, 400 m long sea wall within the next month, but would expect the project to meet with “protracted and fierce” resistance from Hawke’s Bay District Council and Hawke’s Bay Regional Council, given its past experience dealing with both bodies.
The wall is designed to be a public walkway with ladders spaced at regular intervals to provide access to the beach.
The company says it would also be willing to build a similar structure, again at no cost to ratepayers to shore up Clifton Motor Camp which has lost 12 metres of its coastal boundary to erosion within the last year.;
The Clifton Reserve Society has been told by the Hastings district Coujnhcil that a resource consent for any repair work to its shoreline would cost up to $150,000, while the owners of Clifton – the Department of Conservastion – have already signaled opposition to a sea wall.

Ref 37:0 (documents attached)
Entrepreneurial solutions waiting
Haumoana 21 Coastal Walkway (five documents): Proposed view looking south, Existing view looking south, Proposed view from beach, Existing view from beach, Aerial Plan/Section from esd design.

Ref 38:0
Quick action can rescue tourism,
HB Today 22-05-09
See attached document

Ref 39:0
independent report Haumoana Foreshore Stabilisation prepared by Opus International Consultants Ltd. Attached

Ref 40:0
Comments from committee member Peter Larsen after discovering information the the HDC website relating to further planned removal of coastal properties

Ref 41: 0
Peter Larsen challenging the movement of gravel and where it actually goes once it leaves Haumoana-Te Awanga-Clifton.


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